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Study says liberals and atheists are "smarter"?

Study says liberals and atheists are "smarter"?

Intelligent People Have Values Novel in Human Evolutionary History, Study Finds:

More intelligent people are statistically significantly more likely to exhibit social values and religious and political preferences that are novel to the human species in evolutionary history. Specifically, liberalism and atheism, a study finds.

The study, published in the scientific journal Social Psychology Quarterly, advances a new theory to explain why people form particular preferences and values. The theory suggests that more intelligent people are more likely than less intelligent people to adopt evolutionarily novel preferences and values, but intelligence does not correlate with preferences and values that are old enough to have been shaped by evolution over millions of years.

"Evolutionarily novel" preferences and values are those that humans are not biologically designed to have and our ancestors probably did not possess. In contrast, those that our ancestors had for millions of years are "evolutionarily familiar."

"General intelligence, the ability to think and reason, endowed our ancestors with advantages in solving evolutionarily novel problems for which they did not have innate solutions," says Satoshi Kanazawa, an evolutionary psychologist at the London School of Economics and Political Science. "As a result, more intelligent people are more likely to recognize and understand such novel entities and situations than less intelligent people, and some of these entities and situations are preferences, values, and lifestyles."

An earlier study by Kanazawa found that more intelligent individuals were more nocturnal, waking up and staying up later than less intelligent individuals. Because our ancestors lacked artificial light, they tended to wake up shortly before dawn and go to sleep shortly after dusk. Being nocturnal is evolutionarily novel.

In the current study, Kanazawa argues that humans are evolutionarily designed to be conservative, caring mostly about their family and friends, and being liberal, caring about an indefinite number of genetically unrelated strangers they never meet or interact with, is evolutionarily novel. So more intelligent children may be more likely to grow up to be liberals.

Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) support Kanazawa's hypothesis. Young adults who subjectively identify themselves as "very liberal" have an average IQ of 106 during adolescence while those who identify themselves as "very conservative" have an average IQ of 95 during adolescence.

Similarly, religion is a byproduct of humans' tendency to perceive agency and intention as causes of events, to see "the hands of God" at work behind otherwise natural phenomena. "Humans are evolutionarily designed to be paranoid, and they believe in God because they are paranoid," says Kanazawa. This innate bias toward paranoia served humans well when self-preservation and protection of their families and clans depended on extreme vigilance to all potential dangers. "So, more intelligent children are more likely to grow up to go against their natural evolutionary tendency to believe in God, and they become atheists."

Young adults who identify themselves as "not at all religious" have an average IQ of 103 during adolescence, while those who identify themselves as "very religious" have an average IQ of 97 during adolescence.

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{[sign in to see URL] a liberal atheist I could have told them that without the cost of a study. I found this article as I was searching through some of my archives looking for something unrelated to this study. I have over 1500 of my old posts and material I stored away for possible future posts saved away. I'm an hopeless packrat.

Even though this study is four years old its nice to see the evidence points to the fact that those of us who "think" about politics and religion are smarter than those who believe whatever they are conditioned to believe without question. Knee-jerkism is not the sign of a good mind at work. People who are conservative or religious because they were "brought up that way" have closed their brains to the most powerful of [sign in to see URL] ability to change your mind.

Those who bury their intellect and replace it with superstition, bigotry and prejudice are disregarding their birthright and smothering their humanity. It may be the easiest thing to do but its not the brightest thing to do.
That is not to say that conservatives and theists can't do good things. I know they can as I have seen it. However there is a class of religious conservatives [ as are abundantly present on right wing message boards} who seem to take pride in their own ignorance and their stubborn refusal to open their minds. Not even a chainsaw could crack the skulls of these unfortunate robots to let in a little fresh air.

Whatever you are or declare yourself to [sign in to see URL] is good for you. Listening to other points of view, opinions and ideas will make you a better person. I have changed my mind several times over important issues and will probably change it back again. We are all "works in progress"....which is good as long as the work doesn't stop. Don't you think?}

"libido sciendi"..... the passion to know.
4/28/2014, 11:31 am Link to this post PM Noserose

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